Scientists stumble upon a model to study a lethal complication

Scientists Stumble Upon A Model To Study A Lethal Complication section is one from the Health and Medical Updates groups, published over our writer Linda Norton by February 11, 2019, those post maybe want to search on that tags complication, lethal, model, Scientists, Study, stumble. We're glad to joyful you and providing that anothers chapter attributed health along with I am always posting these section everyday.

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Image shows signs of a lethal complication, hemophagocytosis, in the bone marrow after sequential inflammatory challenge. Credit: Yale University

More and more hospitalized patients with sepsis are being diagnosed with a deadly complication characterized by high levels of inflammation. A team of Yale researchers has uncovered clues to the cause of this complication—which kills up to 80% of patients—and a potential new strategy for treating it.

The research team, led by Andrew Wang in the lab of Ruslan Medzhitov, was studying metabolism in mice exposed to different bacterial and viral infections. They stumbled upon a particularly fatal mix of infections, which resembled a complication in humans known as either sHLH or macrophage activation syndrome. This discovery allowed them to study the condition in an animal model for the first time.

With this model, the research team learned that in animals with sHLH, specialized cells known as macrophages are over-stimulated and start devouring immune cells and red blood cells. By sequencing the macrophage genes, they were able to identify a marker of the condition—a transcription factor called SpiC. Through further experiments, the researchers found that the macrophages were dependent upon glucose metabolism to thrive, and that with a drug designed to block glucose, they could reduce inflammation and save the mice.

The study findings provide the researchers with a signature to test patients who might have sHLH. The results could also lead to better treatment. “There seems to be a close relationship between inflammation biology and metabolism,” said Wang. “Most drugs are designed to block mediators in inflammation. In this study, we have proof of concept that you could target inflammation by targeting metabolism.”

Effect of gut bacteria on specific immune cells underlies persistent liver inflammation

More information:
Andrew Wang et al. Specific sequences of infectious challenge lead to secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis-like disease in mice, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2019). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1820704116

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Yale University

Scientists stumble upon a model to study a lethal complication (2019, February 11)
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